Tuberculosis is one of the most spread diseases in the world today. Millions of people die each year from TB, and many more suffer from the disease. An untreated case infects an average of twelve people a year. There are predictions that hundreds of million people will contract TB within the next decade. Two thirds of these will die without recieving any treatment. Can this enormous suffering be prevented? Tuberculosis is a disease that can be cured using medicine. In my thesis "TUBERCULOSIS - the occurrence and causes in Sweden 1750-2000", the complex relations between tuberculosis, man and society have been presented from using Sweden as an example. The majority of the factors that are beeing discussed are universal and widespread in the developing world today.